...Good for: Small animals, underwater photography, advanced divers, reef life and health
Not so good for: Wrecks, beginners, non-diving activities...
The Mergui Archipelago in Myanmar comprises 800 small islands north and east of Burma Banks. Some islands offer huge boulders, soft corals, sea fans, and excellent visibility. Others, such as Black Rock and Shark Cave, offer wall diving, caves and drop-offs.
The region has remained relatively untouched by the passage of time this past half century, and it maintains a mystical out-of-this-world aura of years gone by. When visiting these islands on liveaboard charters you really can forget about your worries, on a journey of discovery, unhurried by time and untroubled by others, as you dive Burma and explore these fascinating islands in peaceful solitude.
The Burma Banks are the most famous scuba diving destination in Myanmar and they rise to within 15 metres of the Andaman Sea surface, before plunging back down into the surrounding 300 metres deep waters. These open ocean sea mounts attract large pelagics and schooling fish from the surrounding waters.
Adrenaline-rich drift dives is what the Burma Banks are all about, and shark encounters are virtually guaranteed. 2 to 3 metre nurse sharks are frequently seen, with occasional silvertip shark sightings - you can never be quite sure what you might find here.
Other residents and visitors in the Mergui Archipelago include grey reef, white tip and whale sharks. Schools of mobula rays and manta rays are also frequently seen. Burma is equally attractive to macro diving enthusiasts too, with plentiful nudibranchs, clown frogfish, ghost pipefish, ribbon eels, as well as masses of lobsters, crabs, and shrimps - in fact, these's far more diversity here than in the more popular Thailand dive destinations.
Myanmar offers exploratory frontier diving with regular discoveries of new sites. One of the main attractions here is to dive into the unknown. It will appeal if you want to escape the mass commercialism of nearby Thailand - those without a spirit of adventure need not apply!
The recommended period for diving in Myanmar is from October to May, and the best conditions exist from December to April. During this period, the skies are clear, the seas are calm and liveaboard itineraries can include even the more remote sites. If you visit before the year's end then the seas may be rougher and conditions considerably less favourable.
Whale sharks and manta rays are most likely to be spotted from February to May, since that is the time when there are plankton blooms. The nutrient-rich water may cause a dip in visibility but it brings in the big boys.
Towards the end of the season the visibility usually improves as the water temperatures rise to a maximum of around 30°C. In the earlier part of the season you can expect water temperatures in the region of 26 to 27°C.
Depth: 5 - >40m
Visibility: 5 - 50m
Currents: Can be strong
Surface Conditions: Can be rough
Water Temperature: 25 - 28°C
Experience Level: Intermediate - advanced
Number of dive sites: >50
Distance: ~280 km north of Phuket (14 hours), 60 km west of Kawthaung (3 hours)
Access: Liveaboards from Phuket, Khao Lak or Ranong
Recommended length of stay: 10 days
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